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Contributing Institution

Prince Memorial Library


Cumberland and the Slavery Issue examines slavery in Maine during the 1833–1870 time period, and how it affected the residents of Cumberland, Maine. Three basic questions are considered: What are the known facts about the status of slavery in Maine, and how well were slaves integrated into society, specifically schools and churches? How did residents of Cumberland learn about slavery? How did residents respond to the issue? Cumberland was a "station" in the Underground Railroad, which helped fugitive slaves. Data from Cumberland's voting records (1833–1870) for Governor and Congressional Representative are surveyed and analyzed. References are made to Attica (1837), Elijah Lovejoy (1837), Portland slave trader Nathaniel Gordon (1862), Frances Harper (1825-1911), Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, U.S. Representative Francis O. J. Smith, Rev. Isaac Weston, Rev. Joseph Blake, and Governors Edward Kent, John Fairfield, Hannibal Hamlin, and Israel Washburn, Jr.

Publication Date



Prince Memorial Library


Cumberland, ME



Cumberland and the Slavery Issue



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