Samuel Titcomb



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Contributing Institution

Maine State Archives

Document Type



The Massachusetts Committee for Sale of Eastern Lands was responsible for the management of land in Maine to benefit the Commonwealth, especially land containing the largest white pines for ship masts. The Committee commissioned surveys of the main branch of the Schoodic River (now known as the St. Croix River) from its northerly source at the St. John River to the mouth of Passamaquoddy Bay. The St. Croix is a one-million-acre watershed lying within the heart of the Passamaquoddy homeland.

According to the terms of the 1794 treaty between the Passamaquoddy Tribe and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the tribe was granted “… the privilege of fishing on both branches of the river Schoodic without hindrance or molestation and the privilege of passing the said river over the different carrying places thereon; all which islands, townships, tracts or parcels of land and privileges being marked with a cross, thus X, on the plan taken by Mr. Samuel Titcomb, with the reservation of all pine trees fit for masts on said tract of land to government; they making said Indians a reasonable compensation therefor…”

This map by Samuel Titcomb is the one referenced in the Treaty. Visible on the map are the notations mentioned in the 1794 Treaty, namely the “Indian carrying places” marked by dashed or straight lines across the river, the “Indian towns” marked by triangles, and the cross near Nemcass Point on the west branch of the river. Scale: 1 inch = 3 miles

Exact Creation Date




Survey of the Schoodic River



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