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Document Type


Contributing Institution

Maine State Archives




The surveyor who drew the original map is unknown, except for his initials "J. S." The map is undated.

The first letter of each line of verse just to the right of the map's title, when read vertically from top to bottom, spells out "James Duke of York." The map was therefore made sometime between 1660 and 1685, during the reign of Charles II of England, when his younger brother James held the title of Duke of York.
The surveyor was trying to flatter the duke:

Just Great and Good are Princely epithets
And each of these your highness well befitts
My aime with your great virtues cannot want
Encouragement (craving what's fit to grant)
Serenest Prince I heer (unto your eye)
Declare (by mapp) how England's strength doth lye
Unseen in rivers of the New Plantations
Kingly commanding heads of other nations
Equally it to honor neither Spain
Or the boasting Dutch can shew the like againe!
Freely accept (Great Sire) the loyaltie
Your meanest servant offers to your eye
Oceans and rivers ring loud peales of faime
Resounding echoes to your honor'd name
Kind heav'ns and stars continue long the same.

Broad Creation Date

circa 1670


40" x 54"




York County; York

Other Location

New Hampshire; Piscataqua River


Cartography; Maps; Province of Maine


Image Location


Rights Statement

Rights Statement

No Copyright - United States. URI:
The organization that has made the Item available believes that the Item is in the Public Domain under the laws of the United States, but a determination was not made as to its copyright status under the copyright laws of other countries. The Item may not be in the Public Domain under the laws of other countries. Please refer to the organization that has made the Item available for more information.