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Contributing Institution

Maine State Archives

Document Type



At the end of the Revolutionary War, the Treaty of Paris failed to specify a clear boundary between Maine and New Brunswick.

In 1796, negotiators ran a "monument line" north from the St. Croix River’s headwaters to the "highlands." Maine insisted this high point of land was north of the St. John River; New Brunswick declared the Penobscot watershed as the boundary.

Upon Maine's 1820 separation from Massachusetts, Norris and other surveyors were hired to lay out the boundaries of these unallocated lands between the two states by marking or "blazing" the trees, and noting soil quality and species of vegetation. Tensions were already running high as lumber operators from Maine and New Brunswick competed for timber near the Aroostook, Allagash, and St. John rivers, and continued conflicts led to the Aroostook War in 1838.

This book "B" forms part of the survey records of the monument line, Eastern Lands, and northern boundary.

Broad Creation Date

August 1825 - January 1826



Other Location

Massachusetts; District of Maine


Monument Line; Surveys; Surveyors; Act of Separation; Eastern Lands


History | United States History

Surveys of Joseph Norris, Andrew McMillan, & J.C. Norris, Book B, 1825



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