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Text

Contributing Institution

Prince Memorial Library

Description

Vital Statistics, Historical Demography and Population Change in Cumberland, Maine: Vital Records as Source Documents for Local History uses vital statistics to present a historical demographical profile of the town of Cumberland, Maine, during the first half of the 20th century. The compilation of natality, mortality and marital data appearing in the 1893 through 1960 Annual Reports of the Town of Cumberland resulted in the publication of 69 years’ worth of the life events of the residents of one small Maine community. The Cumberland data, when analyzed from an historical demographical perspective, appeared to produce statistical evidence that sharply contrasted the community with the state as a whole. Differences between the town and the state were noted in live birth rate, death rate, median age at death, and population growth rates. Further analysis, however, revealed that the statistics culled from the town’s reporting of the life events of its residents were skewed, due in large part to assigning births and deaths to place of occurrence rather than the usual place of residence of the individual. Although this revelation altered the initial interpretation somewhat, it did not detract significantly from the demographical view of Cumberland presented by the data, which was of a town that was losing residents and had an older, less fecund populace than the state for much of the first half of the 20th century. In the end, Cumberland, partly due to its location, attracted new and younger residents, who helped the town arrest its population decline and contributed to it becoming the vibrant and desirable community it is today.

Publication Date

2007

Publisher

The Author

City

Cumberland, Maine

Language

English

Vital Statistics, Historical Demography and Population Change in Cumberland, Maine: Vital Records as Source Documents for Local History


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No Copyright - United States. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/NoC-US/1.0/
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